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A lot of football has resumed — but without fans. Photo by Pixabay on

Football’s systemic economic flaws have long been known. The coronavirus pandemic could be the catalyst for some much-needed change.

The superpowers of the football world include the likes of Manchester United, Real Madrid and Bayern Munich. These global phenomena are no longer simply football clubs, but rather major international businesses. The attraction of extortionate wage packets, mouth-watering sponsorship deals and lucrative broadcasting agreements have caused those at the zenith of football to detach themselves from the rest of the footballing world, creating an almost impenetrable ring of footballing and economical success.

While there have been instances whereby a less likely club has won a major honour since the dawn of the huge wealth disparities in football — such as Montpellier winning the 11/12 Ligue 1 title, or Leicester City defying 5000/1 odds to be crowned Premier League champions — these occurrences are extremely rare, which is what makes them so special. …

Legacy claims it was a great revolutionary event. It was no more than a coup.

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A bust of Lenin and a mosaic of the hammer and sickle inside the Moscow Palace of Youth (Moskovskogo Dvortsa Molodezhi, or MDM) shortly before it opened to the public in 1988. Photo by Steve Harvey on Unsplash

When you think of the Russian Revolution of October 1917, images of patriotic revolutionaries storming the Winter Palace and forcefully seizing power probably come to mind. Reality sees it differently.

The Night of 24–25 October

Having gained control of Russia, Lenin and his compatriots decided the time was right to put their mark in history and oust power from the Provisional Government (the temporary government established after the February Revolution).

On the night of 24–25 October, members of the Red Guards (workers armed and trained by Bolsheviks), sailors and garrison soldiers were sent out to take hold of key points of Petrograd (St. Petersburg — the city was renamed during the First World War to sound more Russian). Perhaps you would think anarchy broke out as the trained soldiers grasped the vital points of Russia’s capital. …

The 1930s were a combustion of political extremism, but Britain managed to maintain democracy

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Oswald Mosley, “Britain’s Hitler”, 1931. Source: Time Magazine, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons.

Hitler’s Germany, Stalin’s Russia, Mussolini’s Italy. The lead up to the Second World War was full of dictatorial regimes and political extremism. There were some threats to democracy in Britain, too, so why did they fail?

Political extremism in Britain

The British Union of Fascists

The story of a dedicated Suffragette who fought until death.

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Emily Wilding Davison. Source: LSE Library, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

In the early twentieth century, the women’s suffrage movement in Britain was gaining steam and rising up through the social strata. There was one woman whose actions were pivotal in making this happen, she was Emily Wilding Davison.

In 1897, the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) — or Suffragists — was established by Millicent Fawcett. Their aim was to get votes for women through non-violent methods, such as discussions or processions. But, after six years of fairly stagnant progress, the frustrated Emmeline Pankhurst set up the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU), or the Suffragettes as they are more commonly known. …

Russia was synonymous with autocracy and, later, communism. But did they have a liberating Tsar in the nineteenth-century?

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A portrait of Alexander II. Source: National Archives of Canada, Wikimedia Commons

The Romanov dynasty began in 1613 with Michael Romanov and ended with the dramatic revolution of 1917. This period is — among other things — is well-known for the nationalism, imperialism, orthodoxy, and autocracy conveyed by the Tsars (leaders of Russia).

However, towards the end of the dynasty (1855–1881), Alexander II was Tsar. Compared to his predecessors — and certainly his successors — he had slightly different aims and intentions for Russia.


Often called the ‘Tsar Liberator’, Alexander implemented a series of reforms during his time as Tsar.

Local government was reformed in 1864, whereby zemstva (assemblies, or councils) were introduced. The zemstva are credited with being the ‘seedbeds of liberalism’ due to their baby-steps towards democracy. Members were elected, and they were responsible for the maintenance of the local areas. After the introduction of these councils, infrastructure greatly improved, as well as health and education. …

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Will Liverpool be able to retain the Premier League title? Photo: jorono on

Football, particularly the Premier League, is notoriously hard to predict. I don’t expect this season to be any different. However, I am willing to give it a go, albeit potentially looking very silly at the end of the season (yes I was ‘one of those’ who predicted Sheffield United to go straight back down last season…).

N.B. It is important to note that this is being published before the end of the transfer window, meaning business done after this is published could drastically affect the outcomes.


20. West Bromwich Albion

Unfortunately for the Baggies, I am predicting them to go straight back down this season. A so-called ‘yo-yo’ team, West Brom often find themselves contending with promotion and relegation in the Championship and Premier League respectively. Little transfer business — particularly in the striker position — does not fill me with hope for West Brom for the coming season. Permanent signings Grady Diangana and Matheus Pereira are certainly great players, but they won’t be able to drag their team to survival. …


Harry Bachofner

Enjoy writing. Big football fan. Currently studying English, German, and History.

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